For years, tall foxglove plants have been the part of every garden. These flowering plants can grow up to 6ft depending on its variety. The foxglove plants would thrive under any conditions depending on the heat of its surrounding. These flowers would be found under lavender, white, yellow, purple, pink, and red color varieties.
Rich soil and well-drained soil conditions are considered to the best condition for growing foxglove from seed. For the optimum growing conditions, the soil of the garden must be kept moist. Most of the common varieties of foxglove would stay alive for at least two growing seasons. But there are some varieties that would stay alive in some specific climates.
Process of Cultivating Foxglove Flower
There are many gardeners who like to grow foxglove in their garden. These flower plants would stay alive for two years only. In the first year, the year these plants would take roots in the soil and would grow new leaves. They would grow up to the height of 5ft to 6ft in the single year. In the next year, these plants would bloom for once and would produce their seed. Then these plants would die to give space for new plants to grow. The best place for growing these plants would out in the open under the bright sunshine. For the process of the cultivation, you would need hand fork, rake, spade, watering can, bamboo cane and high-quality Foxglove seeds. Given below are steps for growing foxglove from seed.
- The first step would be to remove any present weeds from the gardening space. Use the rake to dig the soil for creating a fine tilth in the gardening space. With the help of the bamboo cane, make a straight line on the ground for sowing purposes.
- For the second step, water the ground along with the drill line before you sow the flower seeds. This would give the foxglove seeds all necessary moisture that they need for germination. This process is more effective than watering the whole area.
- If you have brought the seeds from the market then there would be instruction regarding the spacing between the foxglove seeds. If the seeds are locally collected, then you can just put them the approximate idea. As later you would have to thin the seedlings for achieving optimum conditions for growing these flowers.
- After putting the plant seed in soil gently cover them with dry soil with the help of rake. You would not have to water the soil for few more days, as the soil would retain enough moisture necessary for growing foxglove from seed.
Factors to Consider While Planting Foxglove
Foxgloves are classified under the category of biennials. The scientific name of these plants would be Digitalis Grandiflora. When cultivating these plants, there are some conditions that must be maintained for their proper growth. Given below are some of the conditions for planting foxglove plants.
Water drainage is an important condition for growing foxglove from seed. These plants are susceptible to the rotting of roots. Therefore, it is important to keep the soil of the garden moist. During the dry season, you would have to use the watering can to provide water to the plant.
Humidity and Temperature
Humidity and temperature also play an important part in the growth of these plants. These plants would grow in a much better way the surrounding areas are low in temperature. Foxglove plants would wilt if the surrounding temperature goes above 90 degrees Fahrenheit. The perfect temperature for germination would be around 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. For making conditions better for growing foxglove from seed, provide the garden with good air circulation. Humidity has no effect on the growth of the foxglove.
Lightning Conditions of the Garden
For the initial phases, you would be able to grow them in partial sun, partial shade or full sun. But once these plants are mature, the best location would be under the bright sunlight. These plants would survive under the partial shade but would not tolerate full shade.
Generally, fertilizer is not necessary for growing foxglove from seed. As excess nitrogen would be considered harmful for the efficient growth of these plants. If necessary, you could add a small amount of slow release 5-10-5 fertilizer to the soil during the early spring period. Spread the fertilizer around the plant and water it for settling the fertilizer. But avoid giving fertilizer, during the foliage growing as it might burn the plant.
If your region falls under the borderline zone 4, then you can apply a mulch layer of 3-inch thickness. This is for protecting the plant from the winter season. After applying mulch, you could add another layer of 1 inch consisting of compost for encouraging the growth of the plant.
These plants are available in various colors and sizes. Thus, it is necessary to maintain enough spacing between two plants for their effective growth. Pruning is an important step in the process of growing foxglove from seed. The general spacing between the two plants would have to be about 2ft to 3ft. you would also put stake for supporting the tall type foxglove for preventing the plants from flopping over.
Different Varieties of Foxglove Flowers
There are different varieties of Foxglove flowers available in the market. For growing foxglove from seed, some of these Foxgloves would be considered best for gardening. Rusty foxgloves the type to grow up to a height of 6ft and would require staking. Foxy Hybrids foxglove would only reach a height of 3ft to 2ft and are considered as the best species to grow in a small garden. But there is one thing that must be considered, is that all foxgloves are toxic in nature. Thus, precaution must be taken planting them.
From the above article, you would understand the different factors and the process of cultivating foxglove plant. Take necessary precaution while planting these flowering plants. Keep the location of the plants out of the reach of children or pets. If, you have made a clear idea about this plant, then plant them to enjoy its vertical blooms.